GBIF Backbone Taxonomy

Data Source ID: 11

<p>The GBIF Backbone Taxonomy is a single, synthetic management classification with the goal of covering all names GBIF is dealing with. It&#39;s the taxonomic backbone that allows GBIF to integrate name based information from different resources, no matter if these are occurrence datasets, species pages, names from nomenclators or external sources like EOL, Genbank or IUCN. This backbone allows taxonomic search, browse and reporting operations across all those resources in a consistent way and to provide means to crosswalk names from one source to another.</p><p>It is updated regulary through an automated process in which the Catalogue of Life acts as a starting point also providing the complete higher classification above families. Additional scientific names only found in other authoritative nomenclatural and taxonomic datasets are then merged into the tree, thus extending the original catalogue and broadening the backbones name coverage. The GBIF Backbone taxonomy also includes identifiers for Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) drawn from the barcoding resources iBOL and UNITE.</p><p>International Barcode of Life project (iBOL), Barcode Index Numbers (BINs). BINs are connected to a taxon name and its classification by taking into account all names applied to the BIN and picking names with at least 80% consensus. If there is no consensus of name at the species level, the selection process is repeated moving up the major Linnaean ranks until consensus is achieved.</p><p>UNITE - Unified system for the DNA based fungal species, Species Hypotheses (SHs). SHs are connected to a taxon name and its classification based on the determination of the RefS (reference sequence) if present or the RepS (representative sequence). In the latter case, if there is no match in the UNITE taxonomy, the lowest rank with 100% consensus within the SH will be used.</p><p>The GBIF Backbone Taxonomy is available for download at http://rs.gbif.org/datasets/backbone/ in different formats together with an archive of all previous versions.</p><p>The following 94 sources have been used to assemble the GBIF backbone with number of names given in brackets:</p><ul><li>Catalogue of Life - April 2021 - 3834939 names</li><li>International Barcode of Life project (iBOL) Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) - 564649 names</li><li>World Register of Marine Species - 378787 names</li><li>The World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP) - 294141 names</li><li>The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera - 212450 names</li><li>UNITE - Unified system for the DNA based fungal species linked to the classification - 185492 names</li><li>The Paleobiology Database - 176625 names</li><li>The Plant List with literature - 140464 names</li><li>TAXREF - 121484 names</li><li>GBIF Backbone Taxonomy - 117268 names</li><li>Index Fungorum - 110358 names</li><li>Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) - 81904 names</li><li>Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database - 66789 names</li><li>International Plant Names Index - 56277 names</li><li>ZooBank - 52581 names</li><li>Fauna Europaea - 50006 names</li><li>Artsnavnebasen - 41708 names</li><li>Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas - 36911 names</li><li>Genome Taxonomy Database - 28534 names</li><li>The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - 23677 names</li><li>Afromoths, online database of Afrotropical moth species (Lepidoptera) - 22988 names</li><li>Fauna Europaea - Lepidoptera - 22880 names</li><li>The National Checklist of Taiwan (Catalogue of Life in Taiwan, TaiCoL) - 17540 names</li><li>Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020 - 17022 names</li><li>Prokaryotic Nomenclature Up-to-Date (PNU) - 11399 names</li><li>Checklist Dutch Species Register - Nederlands Soortenregister - 9615 names</li><li>GRIN Taxonomy - 6793 names</li><li>Catalogue of Tenebrionidae (Coleoptera) of North America - 6536 names</li><li>Taxon list of fungi and fungal-like organisms from Germany compiled by the DGfM - 4648 names</li><li>Catalogue of Afrotropical Bees - 4073 names</li><li>Checklist of Beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second Edition. - 3307 names</li><li>Catalogue of the Pterophoroidea of the World - 2809 names</li><li>The Clements Checklist - 2626 names</li><li>Database of Vascular Plants of Canada (VASCAN) - 2606 names</li><li>Taxon list of Hymenoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 2512 names</li><li>Official Lists and Indexes of Names in Zoology - 2058 names</li><li>IOC World Bird List, v10.2 - 1962 names</li><li>Taxon list of vascular plants from Bavaria, Germany compiled in the context of the BFL project - 1946 names</li><li>National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark - 1881 names</li><li>A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos - 1747 names</li><li>Orthoptera Species File - 1709 names</li><li>Taxon list of Jurassic Pisces of the Tethys Palaeo-Environment compiled at the SNSB-JME - 1263 names</li><li>International Cichorieae Network (ICN): Cichorieae Portal - 1187 names</li><li>Aphid Species File - 1136 names</li><li>GBIF Algae Classification - 1103 names</li><li>Lygaeoidea Species File - 582 names</li><li>Taxon list of animals with German names (worldwide) compiled at the SMNS - 478 names</li><li>Catalogue of the Alucitoidea of the World - 469 names</li><li>Psocodea Species File - 450 names</li><li>Mantodea Species File - 397 names</li><li>Taxon list of mosses from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 314 names</li><li>Coreoidea Species File - 285 names</li><li>Cockroach Species File - 224 names</li><li>GBIF Backbone Patch - 207 names</li><li>Phasmida Species File - 194 names</li><li>GTDB supplement - 122 names</li><li>Taxon list of Araneae from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 120 names</li><li>Plecoptera Species File - 119 names</li><li>Dermaptera Species File - 113 names</li><li>Taxon list of Auchenorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 92 names</li><li>Mammal Species of the World - 71 names</li><li>Taxon list of liverworts from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 68 names</li><li>Taxon list of Sternorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 58 names</li><li>Grylloblattodea Species File - 46 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Cosmopterigidae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 43 names</li><li>Species named after famous people - 38 names</li><li>True Fruit Flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region - 36 names</li><li>Taxon list of Trichoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 34 names</li><li>Taxon list of Diplura from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 30 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Polycestinae (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 19 names</li><li>Coleorrhyncha Species File - 19 names</li><li>Taxon list of Thysanoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 19 names</li><li>Embioptera Species File - 18 names</li><li>Taxon list of Microcoryphia (Archaeognatha) from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 15 names</li><li>Chrysididae Species File - 14 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Bufonidae and Megophryidae (Amphibia: Anura) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 12 names</li><li>Asiloid Flies: new taxa of Diptera: Apioceridae, Asilidae, and Mydidae - 10 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pauropoda from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 9 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pisces and Cyclostoma from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 7 names</li><li>Backbone Family Classification Patch - 6 names</li><li>Taxon list of Siphonaptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 6 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pteridophyta from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 5 names</li><li>Taxon list of Dermaptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Orthoptera (Grashoppers) from Germany compiled at the SNSB - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Zygentoma from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Protura from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 3 names</li><li>Endemic species in Taiwan - 2 names</li><li>Taxon list of hornworts from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 2 names</li><li>Mantophasmatodea Species File - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Diplopoda from Germany in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pscoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pseudoscorpiones from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Raphidioptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Strepsiptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li></ul>