World Flora Online Plant List 2023-12

Data Source ID: 196

The consensus taxonomy of plants used as a backbone for the World Flora Online portal in support of Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. New versions of this checklist are released every six months in June and December. This is release 2023-12. The initial data ingestion into the World Flora Online taxonomic backbone was from The Plant List Version 1.1 (TPL,, September 2013), with the full list of contributing datasets given here: New taxonomic names have been incorporated into WFO from nomenclators International Plant Name Index (IPNI, for vascular plants, and Tropicos ( for bryophytes. Taxonomic and nomenclatural updates have been incorporated from the WFO's Taxonomic Expert Networks (TENs) ( and the World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP,, facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.